Gideon Sundback – Google Doodle: Gideon Sundback (born April 24 1880) was a Swedish-American electrical engineer. Gideon Sundback is most commonly associated with his work in the development of the zipper.
Gideon Sundback was hired to work for the Universal Fastener Company. Good design skills and a marriage to the plant-manager’s daughter Elvira Aronson led Sundback to the position of head designer at Universal.
He was responsible for improving the far from perfect ‘Judson C-curity Fastener.’ Unfortunately, Sundback’s wife died in 1911. The grieving husband busied himself at the design table and by December of 1913, he had designed the modern zipper.
Gideon Sundback increased the number of fastening elements from four per inch to ten or eleven, had two facing-rows of teeth that pulled into a single piece by the slider, and increased the opening for the teeth guided by the slider.
The patent for the ‘Separable Fastener’ was issued in 1917. Sundback also created the manufacturing machine for the new zipper. Within the first year of operation, Sundback’s zipper-making machinery was producing a few hundred feet of fastener per day.